The College Puzzle Blog
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Dr. Michael W. Kirst

Michael W. Kirst is Professor Emeritus of Education and Business Administration at Stanford University since 1969.
Dr. Kirst received his Ph.D. in political economy and government from Harvard. Before joining the Stanford University faculty, Dr. Kirst held several positions with the federal government, including Staff Director of the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Manpower, Employment and Poverty. He was a former president of the California State Board of Education. His book From High School to College with Andrea Venezia was published by Jossey Bass in 2004.

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My blog discusses the important and complex subjects of college completion, college success, student risk factors (for failing), college readiness, and academic preparation. I will explore the pieces of the college puzzle that heavily influence, if not determine, college success rates.

Minority Students Attend Minority Serving Colleges

In 2004 ,38% of minority students attended "minority serving colleges ", but by 2004 this rose 58%. Minority serving includes colleges where minorities make up a large percentage of total students, as well as all minority serving institutions. The historically black colleges have declined as a percent of this minority enrollment, but new minority institutions have grown. This study by the federal government"s NCES provides some insights on the rapidly growing and changing broad access sector of postsecondary education. Selective colleges make up at most 15 to 20 % of enrollment in all colleges.
We know very little about the impact of these enrollment patterns on college success and completion. We do know remediation rates are very high and usually above 60% for community colleges. The broad access sector is crucial to minority college success, and we need a concerted research program to find out more about them. The study is at

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